This page contains important course documents, various assignments, extra credits and other important links.
You may be directed to each item required as part of the classroom lesson. NOTE: All extra credits must be
PRE-APPROVED by your teacher.

Here is a sheet for your notebook to keep track of your assignments: Assignment Summary Blank.doc

1. Course Syllabus for 2017-18: Environmental Science, Chemistry, and Engineering.

2. Molar Mass, Gram Conversion, and Mole Ratio worksheets: MOLMASS rev.DOC

3. Density Lab Report Format and support information: density lab format.doc

4. Extra Credit paper covering Density and Experimental Methodology: Monty Python Witch WS.doc

5. Chem Ch 9 Practice Quiz: Chem Ch 9 Practice Quiz.doc

6. Ms. Johnson's Extra Credit 3-09.doc

7. "Adopt an Element" Project papers: ADOPT AN ELEMENT 5.doc

8. " World of Chemistry" Streaming Videos Worksheets for these videos: World of Chemistry WS.doc

9: Webquest: "Intermolecular Forces" - See Chem Tour chapter 10 section of the W. W. Norton & Co. on-line textbook support.

10: Webquest: "Capillary Action" - See Chem Tour chapter 10 section of the W. W. Norton & Co. on-line textbook support.

11: Explore NanoReisen "Into the Micro World". Click on the British flag (for English), then click the suitcase to begin your journey into the nanoscale. You are to document your trip from a sidewalk café down to the atomic level through one of three routes; Ego, Bit land, and Bright Spot. There are nine levels for each route, each one 10 times smaller than the last. To explore each level you have to click on the rectangle. On each level, click on different flashing items and use the travel guide to document your journey with a few summarizing sentences of each item on that level. Continue to 10^-9 m, to the end of a route. Title the route you chose then document each of the nine levels beginning with stage name and size scale before your item descriptions. Write the descriptions in your own words (i.e. Do not copy and paste from the travel log!).For example: Ego Route……. “Rush Hour in the Capillary System”, Level 10^-4m, 1- Blood consists of 40% red, white, and platelet corpuscles. 2 - While sucking blood, the mosquito injects a chemical that prevent coagulation. 3 – The lymphocyte is a killer cell that attacks intruders and send messages to white blood cells. 4 – E. Coli is present the mosquito stinger. This bacteria can create infections including meningitis. It is found in the human intestine and its concentration in drinking water is a measurement of water purity.

12: Create a presentation with on-line textbook images for the current chapter. Copy i mages to the desktop of the Apple computers by pressing Command-Shift-4 then paste them into your document. Write your own text explaining these images into a Power Point (Microsoft) or Keynote (Apple) presentation. E-mail the file to your instructor. You can also show your presentation to the class using the digital projector.

13: Create a Jeopardy Game for review of your current unit topics using this template: Jeopardytemplate.ppt . It requires over 60 questions and answers (use ones from your book especially the key terms and make up some of your own!). Be sure to rename it!

14: Melting/Freezing of Solids Lab Report Format:
Cover page: Title "Freezing/Melting of Solids", name period, teacher, date submitted. (Make it pretty),\Introduction: Abstract the lab document overview and the worksheets to describe properties of amorphous and crystalline solids; Objective: Explain the purpose of the lab from a learning and demonstration perspective, Equipment List: List the equipment used be you and the instructor. Include assembly drawings, Summary of the Procedure: This is not a step by step procedure (that is in the lab document) but rather a description of how you went about achieving your objectives. Observations: Use text, data, and graphs to describe what you saw and measured, Conclusions: Describe what you learned and compare your data to the data produced by others that is published in the internet (be sure to include a proper reference). Appendix: Attach your completed data sheet, having answered the pre and post lab questions. RESOURCE DOCUMENTS: Lab Data Sheet: TI Melting of Solids lab.doc. Images of the freezing curves/Data: Freezing Curves.doc. Descriptions of amorphous and crystalline solids: IM Forces - Crytalline - Amorphous Solids.doc.

15: Prepare a one page sectioned report from watching the first video in the "World of Chemistry" series as described in this papagraph. You can view this video from a link in item 8 above or in the reference documents tab on the left. Selecting the "VoD" box (Video on Demand) listed to the right of each video title - you may have to register as a student to view the videos. Toward the end of this video, Dr. Showalter demonstrates how to make aspirin and you are to carefully study this demo then prepare this report. Your report must be on a clean cut sheet of 8 1/2" by 11" notebook paper: Print your name, period, and date at the top then title your paper "Methane Mamba Makeup Assignment - Dr. Showalter makes Aspirin - (Applebaum-wikispaces item 15)", then in separate titled sections on your paper write: 1 - The safety equipment Dr. Showalter wears, 2 - At least three equipment items he used (refer to your lab equipment worksheet), 3 - The two ingredients used to make aspirin, 4 - The heating and cooling procedure steps for the reaction, and 5 - Two observations from the reaction (i.e. what the reaction looked like and what the product looked like).

16: Extra Credit: Two Alloy Density Calculations

17: Extra Credits for Chem. Unit 4 (Chapter 5): Write essay responses to any or all of these PSSA style prompts (worth 5 points each). Here are the prompts: A - Describe how electron neutrality determines the formula for an ionic compound. Give two examples of ionic compound formulas and show how they are electron neutral. B - Describe what happens to electrons in atoms as they form simple ionic compounds. Use an example an example of two atoms becoming an ionic compound by naming the atoms, ions, and resulting compound. C - Explain the difference between a simple ion and a polyatomic ion. Give an example of each, showing their names and symbols. D - Write a multi-step physical property testing procedure to determine if a compound is ionic.

18: Extra Credits for Chem. Unit 3 (Chapter 4): Write essay responses to any or all of these PSSA style prompts (worth 5 points each). Here are the prompts: A - Use electron configuration and the properties of the elements to explain why hydrogen and helium are sometimes separated from the periodic table. B - Explain the historical development of the periodic table by identifying the contributions of Johann Dobereiner, John Newlands, Dmitri Mendeleev, Henry Moseley, and Glenn Seaborg. C - Describe some of the various properties and analytical techniques by which chemical elements discovered and identified. Explain why the noble gases (group 18) were the last group of elements to be discovered.

19: Extra Credits for Chem. Unit 5 (Chapter 6): Write essay responses to any or all of these PSSA style prompts (worth 5 points each). Here are the prompts: A – Explain the differences between single, double and triple bonds. Provide an example of each type of these bonds (examples must have name, formula, type of bond, and Lewis structure). B – Describe how electron negativity determines how electrons distribute themselves around two atoms that form a chemical bond. Give examples of three different types of distributions using labels and diagrams.

20: Chem Chapter 5 Extra Credit Project "Create and Ionic Compound Jigsaw Puzzle": Using corrugated cardboard, cut out shapes to represent cations and anions so that tehy fir together and become electronically neutral. Lable each ion piece with its formula. Use the ions listed onteh reference tables supplied in class. See Mr. Applebaum for a cutting shape template.

21: Extra Credit: Water treatment plant flow diagram project: On a poster board 18 by 24 inches. provide a step by step description of a municipal city water treatment plant from sewage to tap. Include illustrations of the major equipment used within a flow diagram. Describe the equipment, materials, and changes that occur along the process. Compare municipal water treatment to the process steps used to produce bottled spring water for human consumption. Scoring Rubric: Up to 50 points extra credit will be awarded based on Organization, Creativity, Technical Content, Appropriate Level of Literacy (For the a more detailed rubric click on: “SciencePosterRubrik.pdf”).

22: Forensics; DNA extraction on-line lab:, and

23: Extra Credit assignment on the element Arsenic: Read two Wikipedia articles: 1 - "Marie Besnard" and 2- "Arsenic Poisoning" and answer the following prompts: 1A-List each of Ms. Besnard¹s alleged victims and the amount of Arsenic found in their exhumed bodies. Determine the range and the average amount of arsenic found in these bodies. 1B - How does the range and average from Part A compare to acute minimal lethal dose of arsenic estimated to kill an adult human?Watch the 1944 film staring Cary Grant titled Arsenic and Old Lace.² and reposnd to the following prompts: 2A - Hand write, in your own words*, a one paragraph synopsis of the movie. 2B - Describe a possible link between Marie Besnard and the film. 2C - As you view the film, create a table listing each of the following eleven main characters in order of height from shortest to tallest. Your final table must list the character's name and the actor or actress that played them (in order from shortest to tallest, of course). The character list must include: the two aunts, the three bothers, the new wife, her father, the plastic surgeon, the two neighborhood policeman, and the director of Happydale. Note: If you plagiarize the synopsis or you will receive a zero for this assignment and will not be allowed to submit a replacement.

24: Solve the Ice Cream Cone Problem and hand it in.

25: An exploration into Absolute Zero: Before you begin, without doing any research, write a definition for the term Absolute Zero". Then explore the NOVA website: . Explore 5 of the 10 interactive activities and write about each one in the following format: 1. Title of the Interactive, 2. A description of interactive, and 3. What you did and what you learned as you explored the interactive. Then once you are done, describe how your definition of "absolute zero" might be changed as you have now come to understand it better.

26: Write up two pictures on this document APOD HW.doc from the Astronomy Picture of the Day website (See reference item #12 on the left ) Or Write up two pictures on from the Earth Science Picture of the Day (EPOD or ESPOD) website - See Mr. Applebaum for the worksheet for EPOD.

27: Write short 1-3 sentence summaries as specied for each of the 14 short videos from this document: APOD Videos.doc . Many of these links have youtube embedded video, so you have to watch these on internet servers outside the school district. For each video, give the title, the APOD date, and your description/feedback of the video.

28: Physical Science Balloon Car Project: Balloon Project Description.doc and Balloon Report.doc.

29: Popular Science Magazine explains how automobile windshields are made safe using tempered glass. Students will learn about an extreme case of tempered glass; Explosive Glass commonly called Prince Rupert's Drops. Students should read the article (download here: Prince Rupert's Drops.doc), write a summary of a video on You tube (summarize that one also and provide a link), then get information about the Corning Museum of Glass (visiting hours, locations, and popular displays in the museum). Here are a few video's from a search of "Prince Rupert's Drops" on You tube: (Basic explanation, 1:06) (High Speed photographgy, 2:22) (Longer video with explanation and high speed photography 6:39)

30. Discrepant Event Write-up (e-mail). First describe what is meant by the term "discrepant event". Then e-mail me a one page report from a you-tube video found from a search on the words "discrepant event". The e-mail must have the subject title "Extra Credit - Discrepant Event Video". The email must contain the url hyperlink (so I can watch the video) and the following descriptions that you will write: Equipment Used, What Was Done, What Happened, and an Explanation of Why it Happened.

31: Make a mole pattern for mole day: make-a-mole.pdf

32: Describe the science behind a "Don't do this at home" video. Visit one of the pages described as Item 26 on the "Reference" tab on the left, watch the video, and submit a report. The report is a write up of the video in a demo lab report format (i.e. Title/Url, Objective, Equipment and Supplies List, Step-by-Step Procedures, Observations, and Explanation/Summary). Use the URL and video title for the title of the report. Be sure you explanation makes references to a topic covered by the course. If you choose to replicate the demonstration, be sure to let your parents see the video before you begin and remember "Safety first". To get credit, you can e-mail me a one to two page report in the required format (also discussed in class and similar to item 30 above). The e-mail must have the subject title "Extra Credit - Video" and be approved in advance (i.e. you must ask me if you can submit this item as extra credit).

33: Does hot water freeze faster than cold water? Read this document, then perform a little research to explain the problem and a few experiments to answer the question. The experiments can be set up after school to run overnight in the classroom freezer using TI Nspire software and temperature probes.

34: CRWS pack for Chapters 1 and 2 coverinig 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, and 2.1

35: Explore Write down some facts from 10 items you studied on this site covering a range of 10 orders of magnitude from smallest to largest. List the item, its size in meters, and something interesting about it.

36: Watch the Chemistry Demonstrations Video from the Royal Institute ("Chemical Curiosities...") and complete the worksheet. See Reference Item #37.

37: Students are to write seven summary paragraphs about fibers. Four are to describe four natural fibers used for cloth (wool, silk, cotton and flax). Three additional summaries are to feature asbestos fiber and any two synthetic fibers you choose. The summaries should indicate the source of the fiber or its raw materials, how it is processed to make it suitable for use, any special physical or chemical properties it has, and common applications.

38: Using the articles from Advanced Materials and Processes e-news" archives featured as item 43 on the reference tab on the left, students are to e-mail or print a 1 to 2 page summary of any article they choose from the archive in the following format: Title, author, URL address, date of internet access, date of publication, summary paragraphs (including background, description of new development, and implications for the future), appropriate labeled illustrations or photos, and related website links.

39: Many students have trouble understanding chemistry lectures; they struggle with lectures, video and book but still the subject seems garbled. For extra credit, write lyrics and make a video based on the rastafarian hit song by Byron Lee and the Dragonaires "Ragga Ragga" heard here:

40: Make a water bottle rocket:
Part 1:
Part 2: .

Make a water bottle launcher:
Part 1: ,
Part 2:

41: Study tensegrity. Describe it in a paragraph that includes a few names of its creators and artists, then build a tensegritoy using ideas from the internet: Here are a few pages to start: tensegrity toy page 1, tensegrity toy page 2 (there are lots of similar sites, just search "tensegrity toy").

42: Make a putt-putt candle powered boat as shown here:
You will need: a 12 oz soda can, some glue tack or epoxy cement, a paper milk carton (quart size), two straws, a tea candle, pliers, tape, and scissors. Here is some more information to help you:

43: Watch the video titled "Hunting the elements" (See item #61 on the Reference links). Create a poster featuring images and text describing the processing of six of the elements featured on the video.

44: Research the development of cell phones and report back with a written response and at least two illustrations for one or more of the following prompts: 1 - Radio communication dates back the turn of the 20th century. Compare and contrast cell phone technology to radio technology of the 1920's and 30's. In your response, define "transmitter", "receiver", and "repeater", and "cell". 2 - Describe how cell phone antennae technology has changed from the brick phone of the 1980's to the modern smart phone. 3 - Describe how cell phone battery technology (including size, shape, function, and chemistry) has changed from the brick phone of the 1980's to the modern smart phone.

45: Make the famous "Dragon Illusion". See Or try your hands at some others like "Frankenstein" at

46: As an alternative to the isotope activity performed in class students are to: 1 - Use the internet to research and report the names and symbols for natural isotopes of iron. 2 - Write the names and symbols of the isotopes with the following proton+neutron combinations: 1+0, 1+1, 5+6, 8+8, 12+12, 12+13, 13+14, 16+16, 20+22, and 22+25. For example if the problem was "4+5", you would have 4 protons (atomic number=4, that's beryllium) and 5 neutrons. The isotope would be beryllium-9. Its symbol would is 59Be (Note: The 5 and 9 should be written as superscript and subscript on the left-hand side, one on top of the other like a fraction without the line, however this software does not allow it. Many chemists omit the 5 except when writing nuclear reaction equations).

47: Two alternative make-up assignment to the Mendeleev lab of 1869 (A or B): A: Students should create six columns of data for the following list of twenty-seven elements organized as they appear in their respective groups on the periodic table. Each block of each column represents an element and must have the following information for each element: Name, Symbol, Melting Point (K), Density (gm/ml), Physical State at room conditions, Color, and Reactivity with water. The data for each element can be found on wikipedia entries for each element. The elements required for this collection of data are Ag, Ar, Au, Ba, Be, Br, C, Ca, Cl, Cs, Cu, F, Ge, He, I, K, Kr, Li, Mg, Na, Ne, Pb, Rb, Si, Sn, Sr, and Xe. At the bottom of each column indicate the increasing or decreasing trend of each numerical data set (e.g. Melting point decreases going down this column). or B: Students are to select and describe four graphs from google search of images as follows. Two graphs from a search of element group properties, and two graphs from a search of element period properties. Print each graph and write its title and describe its axes and trends. The properties that can be searched include: Melting point, Boiling Point, Density, Ionization Energy, Electronegativity, and Reactivity.

48: Write properly formatted Haiku poems about chemistry using at least two key terms per poem.

49: Visit the Chemical Heritage Foundation Museum and submit proof you were there (e.g. a photo of you in the museum or a brochure from their information desk along with a written paragraph describing one of the exhibits you saw. See item #68 on the reference tab for more information to plan your visit.

50: Watch Temple Grandin's TED talk (See reference item 101). Respond to the following prompt: What does it mean to be a visual thinker and a language thinker? Describe how you best express your idea to others. Finally, and without looking at one, draw a bicycle.

51: A bit on "science literacy": Define the term then debunk this video: 21 questions - The Flat Earth Documentary stating at least falsehood in each answer to the 21 questions. Don't be surprised if your IQ drops after watching the video.

52: Find a video that explains how to draw Electron dot diagrams (Lewis Structures). Send me the link and a step-by step procedure. Then give two simple examples for single, double, and triple bonded molecules.

53: A chemistry problem involving percent composition (thought of this one while shopping in the garden section of my local Walmart):

54: A limited time survey about your use of this website:

55: Play Little Alchemy and create "elements" from the original greek four, earth air fire and water. Create 200 elements of the possible 580 elements and show me your working device.

56: Compare and contrast the lives and scientific contributions of Dr. Ignas Semmelweis and Mr.Louis Pasteur. Also, tie into this essay a connection to Dr. Joseph LIster and others who followed their work.

57: Open the Simulator and follow the lessons to complete the data table (a downloadable MS word document provided in class) for the Demographics Interactive Lab from the Annenberg Media Center.